The City of Melbourne is investigating a 40km/h speed limit in Kensington as a result of community feedback. We have gathered data that indicates a reduced speed limit in Kensington will improve road safety outcomes.
Lower speed limits in these areas will save lives and prevent and reduce the amount of casualty accidents every year. A pedestrian hit by a vehicle travelling at 50km/h is four times more likely to be killed or seriously injured than if hit at 40km/h.
Consultation on the 40km/h speed limit closed on 22 May 2015.
Timeline item 1
Community engagement period
29 April to 22 May 2015
Timeline item 2
June to July 2015
Timeline item 3
Report back to Council
Timeline item 4
Timeline item 5
The Big 40 Debate
See what people are saying about 40km/h speed limits.
- Why is the City of Melbourne proposing a 40km/h speed limit in Kensington?
Reduced speed limits are consistent with our Road Safety Plan 2012-17 that aims to reduce motor vehicle speeds in areas of high pedestrian movement.
We’re investigating a 40km/h speed limit in Kensington because it’s what the community, through the Kensington Association asked for, as part of our consultation about the Walking Plan.
- How does 40km/h help save lives?
Studies have shown a pedestrian hit by a vehicle travelling at 50km/h is four times more likely to be killed or seriously injured than if hit at 40km/h. If you’re a cyclist or pedestrian and you get hit at 40km/h, your chances of survival are much greater than if you’re hit at 50km/h.
- What areas of Kensington does the proposed 40km/h speed limit relate to?
The reduced speed limit is proposed for Kensington, in residential streets that currently have a 50km/h speed limit. There are three study areas, north (blue), south (green), and west (red).
A new 40km/h area is proposed for Epsom Road between Smithfield Road and Kensington Primary School zone at Hopetoun Street and Bayswater Road.
- Does the proposal affect any existing 40km/h zones?
Several 40km/h speed zones have been applied to heavily pedestrianised strip shopping streets, heavily pedestrianised commercial areas, streets adjacent to schools and residential precincts. As such:
- School zones limits in Epsom Road, McCracken Street and Gower Street will be permanent.
- Limit in Macaulay Road shopping strip will remain.
- Limit in Racecourse Road, 40km/h between 8am and 11pm, will remain.
- Will any roads remain at 50km/h, 60km/h or 70km/h?
Existing 50km/h zones will remain in:
- Kensington Road and Macaulay Road, east of Eastwood Street.
Existing 60km/h zones will remain in:
- Racecourse Road, west of Smithfield Road and east of Nottingham Street,
- Epsom Road, west of Smithfield Road,
- Smithfield Road, between Epsom Road and Racecourse Road,
- Stubbs Street.
An existing 70km/h zone will remain in Smithfield Road, west of Epsom Road.
- How will the decision to reduce the speed limit in Kensington be made?
The results of this consultation will be reported to the Future Melbourne Committee of Council. Recommendations will be made based on support or opposition to the proposed 40km/h speed limit in each of the study areas. Council will then need to make a submission to VicRoads with any recommended changes.
- How many other areas in Melbourne are 40km/h zones?
In addition to many strip shopping and school zones we introduced a 40km/h speed limit across the central city in late 2012 to slow down motorists and protect vulnerable road users, including pedestrians and cyclists. Parkville, south of Gatehouse Street also has a 40km/h limit. In the City of Yarra all residential areas have 40km/h limits.
- Will the proposed speed limit impact on my travel time?
A 40km/h speed limit improves safety for drivers, pedestrians and cyclists without significantly affecting vehicle travel times or conditions. Speeds have been monitored in the study areas with average speeds being measured at between 28km/h and 31km/h. Speeds at the 85th percentile have been recorded between 34km/h and 39km/h indicating most people are travelling less than the speed limit.
- Are you thinking of reducing the city speed limit to 30kmh?
Traffic studies conducted in April 2013 show that in the months after the 40km/h central city speed limit was introduced, the percentage of cars exceeding 40km/h in the central city had dropped from 37 per cent to 27 per cent.
We implemented a 40km/h speed limit in the central city because it strikes a balance between the need to reduce the speed of cars on our streets to keep pedestrians and cyclists safe, without affecting congestion or the ability of cars to move through the city. Council has no plans to implement a 30km/h speed limit across the CBD.
- What else has City of Melbourne done to make the streets safer?
In recent years we have made a number of improvements to streetscapes across the city. Examples include widening footpaths, installing medians, refuge areas, pedestrian crossings, bicycle lanes and reviewing the operation of traffic signals.
We are also rolling out our Share our Streets program, aimed at reducing crashes involving vulnerable road users.