Park types and protection areas
Overshadowing protection types
There are three types of overshadowing protections for parks.
Parks in low scale areas.
These parks are predominantly in low rise areas and generally have good access to sunlight. The aim of the Amendment is to maintain existing levels of sunlight.
For these parks, the approach is for no additional shadow to be allowed on the park beyond the existing shadow between 10am and 3pm in winter.
Parks in urban renewal areas where planned growth is balanced with sunlight protection.
These parks are in areas with height limits over 4 storeys. No additional overshadowing is allowed beyond the existing shadow (from existing buildings and infrastructure) or an 'allowable' shadow (whichever is greater) cast between 10am and 3pm in winter.
'Allowable' shadow is the shadow from a site abutting a park that would be cast by a street wall built:
- to the street wall height nominated in the planning scheme; or
- to the overall building height nominated in the planning scheme.
Although allowable shadow is only calculated for sites abutting a park, the extent of overshadowing that this allows applies to all sites, not just to those sites immediately abutting a park.
Parks in inner areas that are already surrounded by tall buildings.
Domain Parklands, Fawkner Park, and those along Victoria and Spring Street, these parks are in inner areas and are already surrounded by tall buildings. No additional shadowing is allowed, beyond the existing shadows cast between 10am and 2pm in winter.
Examples of existing shadow conditions
The animations below demonstrate the levels of sunlight and shade resulting from existing and approved built form during winter at:
- Gardiner Reserve in North Melbourne (Type 1)
- Lincoln Reserve in Carlton (Type 2)
- Bayswater Road Park in Kensington (Type 1).
They show the difference in length and direction of shadows throughout the day. The red indicates the maximum amount of shadowing in each park.