Last year, the City of Melbourne released a discussion paper for Macaulay – an area that incorporates parts of North Melbourne and Kensington.
In late 2019 we asked the community for feedback on what they’d like to see as part of the structure plan.
Following your feedback, we’ve developed the Macaulay Draft Structure Plan Refresh (PDF 16.9 MB).
The draft shows how we’re planning for:
- greater certainty about development in the area
- a mix of homes, local businesses and community facilities that keep pace with a growing population
- well-connected streets that encourage walking and cycling
- more open space and green streets
- a climate ready precinct.
Consultation closes 15 September.
Virtual Focus Groups
Phone interpreters in all languages: 9280 0726
إتصلوا بنا للتحدث إلى مترجمنا العربي للاستفسار عن مستقبل مركز ماكولاي الإجتماعي
Na soo wac si aad ula hadasho mutarjum Soomaali ah si uu kaaga caawimo wixii ku saabsan qorshaynta mustaqbilka agagaarka Macaulay Neighbourhood.
Gọi cho chúng tôi để nói chuyện với thông dịch viên tiếng Việt về việc hoạch định tương lai cho khu vực lân cận Macaulay.
Timeline item 1
Community consultation on discussion paper
13 November to 19 December 2019
Timeline item 2
Draft Macaulay Structure Plan finalised
Timeline item 3
Community consultation on draft Macaulay Structure Plan
9 July to 15 September 2020
Timeline item 4
Macaulay Structure Plan finalised
Timeline item 5
Macaulay Structure Plan presented to Future Melbourne Committee
- What is Macaulay?
Located less than 3km to the north-west of the central city, the Macaulay urban renewal area covers approximately 90-hectares of land and incorporates parts of Kensington and North Melbourne. Macaulay is a diverse, mixed-use area that is forecast to experience significant change over the next 15 – 30 years.
Many people will know the area from the Capital City Trail along the Moonee Ponds Creek, the Younghusband Woolstore in Kensington, community and recreational facilities in North Melbourne or the Public Record Office Victoria.
- What is a structure plan?
A structure plan is a planning document used to implement a framework or vision for an area. It includes the future layout of streets, parks, community facilities and development sites, and provides guidance around the types of buildings and land uses that are appropriate. It also provides contextual information about the local landscape, cultural values, policy, environment and economic drivers.
The Macaulay Draft Structure Plan Refresh (the draft Plan) translates the vision for Macaulay’s future into objectives and actions to guide how the precinct should develop in the short, medium and long term. It supersedes the Arden-Macaulay Structure Plan (2012).
- What is the City of Melbourne’s role?
Macaulay falls within the City of Melbourne’s local government area. We are involved in every planning outcome within its boundary and strive to ensure planning considers key principles that underline the city’s success. These include a sustainable, inventive and inclusive city that is vibrant and flourishing.
- What is being proposed in Macaulay?
Macaulay will transition into a mixed use, mid-rise neighbourhood with a distinct inner urban character. New development will be high quality and deliver amenity for residents, workers and visitors. By2051, Macaulay is forecast to accommodate approximately 10,000 residents and 9,500 jobs.
Improvements to public transport services, walking and cycling will prioritise sustainable modes of travel. Greening of streets, enhancing the Moonee Ponds Creek and the delivery of new open spaces will provide connections and a network of local places. Public and private investment will deliver community infrastructure to meet the needs of a growing and diverse neighbourhood. Macaulay will be a climate ready precinct that supports accelerated action in reaching our goal of zero emissions by 2040.
The draft Plan has been developed using a ‘place based’ approach by identifying four distinct places in Macaulay, each with its own character and qualities. These four places are referred to as Boundary, Melrose, Chelmsford and Stubbs. There are four themes in the draft Plan that detail the objectives and actions to help deliver the vision for Macaulay.
- Why is this work happening in Macaulay?
Melbourne’s population is predicted to grow to almost 8 million by 2050.
Close to Melbourne’s central city and with good access to public transport, Macaulay offers a significant opportunity to accommodate the new residents and jobs of a growing Melbourne. It is also located directly north of the Arden urban renewal precinct and new Arden Station that is due to open in 2025 as part of the Metro Tunnel Project.
- How is the area currently used?
Macaulay has a long history as a mixed-use area supporting a diverse range of residents and businesses that continues today. Workers cottages, brick factories and industrial units are found side by side, reflecting the mixed history of the area. Macaulay accommodates commercial, retail and industrial uses such as manufacturing, wholesale trade and warehousing, alongside pockets of residential buildings, including the public housing in North Melbourne and a range of community and recreational facilities.
- Who owns the land?
A significant amount of the land in Macaulay is owned by private landowners and/or business owners. Government land ownership includes public housing, community and recreation facilities, the Public Record Office Victoria and Moonee Ponds Creek.
- Will land be rezoned?
Yes. Land will be rezoned with a planning scheme amendment to support the vision for Macaulay as a mixed use residential and employment area. The type and location of zones will be determined through the final structure planning process, following community consultation on the draft and at the completion of further detailed planning.
- What will the rezoning mean for my business/land?
Planning Scheme Amendment C190 implemented new land use and development controls for the Macaulay area in 2017 and 2018, as recommended in the 2012 Arden-Macaulay Structure Plan. The area was rezoned to encourage residential development and allow other uses such as shops and offices. The majority of sites in Macaulay are located within the Mixed Use Zone (MUZ). This has resulted in predominantly residential development. Future rezoning will help to ensure that Macaulay develops as a true mixed use neighbourhood.
- How will open space be delivered?
Open space will be delivered in Macaulay by improving and expanding existing open spaces, revitalising the Moonee Ponds Creek corridor, providing new open space on larger land holdings and reallocating some roadway and parking in the street network.
All open space in Macaulay will provide a range of benefits including passive and active recreation and water sensitive urban design.
- What is floor area ratio (FAR)?
A floor area ratio is a type of planning control that sets a specific amount of development that can occur on a site. The floor area ratio is the ratio of a new building’s total floor area in relation to the size of the site it is being built on.
When combined with other built form controls, it allows for variation in the height and shape of buildings. This will help to ensure that new development is more responsive to its site and the characteristics of an area. The diagrams below explain the concept of floor area ratios and how it can result in different building types. For example, a floor area ratio of 4:1 allows for a total floor area up to four times the size of the site itself. This could be up to four storeys if 100 per cent of the site is developed or eight storeys if only half the site is developed. For larger sites, a floor area ratio also enables the delivery of new streets and open spaces. Some of the benefits of floor area ratios are they:
- provide greater certainty on future population and job growth to ensure that supporting infrastructure meets the needs of residents and workers
- enable the delivery of streets and open spaces on larger sites
- help deliver a range of building typologies.
- What are the proposed building heights for Macaulay?
Macaulay will have a mix of building heights to achieve its vision as a mid-rise neighbourhood
Development in Macaulay will generally be four to eight storeys with taller buildings up to 12 storeys in Boundary Precinct to the east of Citylink. Interfaces require careful consideration to ensure that new buildings in Macaulay give positive definition to streets, achieve appropriate sunlight access to open spaces and transition to low-rise residential areas.
Refer to the table and map on pages 24 and 25 of the draft Plan for more information.
- What sustainability features will Macaulay have?
The City of Melbourne declared a climate and biodiversity emergency in July 2019 and we have committed to reaching Council’s zero emissions target for the municipality 10-years earlier, by 2040.
Sustainability practices will change over the estimated 30-year timeframe of Macaulay’s development. Macaulay will be designed in a way to allow for the precinct to evolve with these changes in sustainable development.
Buildings in Macaulay will be built to a high level of energy, water and waste efficiency. The City of Melbourne’s Green Factor Tool has been developed to help with designing and constructing new buildings that are environmentally friendly and include green infrastructure.
Walking, riding bikes and easy access to public transport will be prioritised. Water can be celebrated as a feature of Macaulay. This can be achieved by incorporating stormwater treatment and reuse into streets and open space. Increased tree planting and urban greening will improve thermal comfort by shading and cooling the environment and increase biodiversity.
- How much affordable housing will be delivered here?
The draft Plan proposes that between six and ten per cent of housing in Boundary, Chelmsford and Stubbs Precincts will be affordable housing (one in sixteen to one in ten dwellings). This target will be adjusted if Victorian Government affordable housing policies are updated. Where it is agreed that providing affordable housing within the development is not practical or appropriate, a cash contribution to the same value should be made.
There is an opportunity to set ambitious affordable housing targets for development on government owned land. In our Draft Affordable Housing Strategy, we have committed to deliver up to 25 per cent affordable housing where land that we own is used to develop housing. We will consider higher targets in urban renewal areas where possible.
- Will more schools and community facilities be built?
Yes. Based on the expected student demand, it is anticipated that there will be one additional government primary and one additional government secondary school required to meet the needs of the new community in Macaulay and the surrounding community.
The location of proposed government schools is subject to further investigation and agreement.
The draft Plan also proposes a new community hub in North Melbourne to expand and better integrate existing community and recreation facilities and services, and an additional community hub on or near Macaulay Road in Kensington.
- How does the draft Plan manage the risk of flooding?
Flooding and water management are significant issues in Macaulay. The precinct is located in low-lying, flood prone land and is bisected by the Moonee Ponds Creek. Flood mitigation measures in the area currently include six pumping stations and levees located on both sides of the creek corridor and the existing network of stormwater drains. Flooding in the area is caused by:
- stormwater runoff being trapped behind levees along the creek corridor
- local pump stations failing to keep up with the volume of stormwater runoff
- stormwater runoff from upstream catchments flowing into the creek
- lack of permeable surfaces to absorb water.
Flooding in the area will be managed by:
- streets and open spaces designed to manage, treat and reuse stormwater
- use of alternative (non-potable) water sources including potential stormwater harvesting in Arden and the use of water sensitive urban design to provide passive irrigation
- upgrades to existing infrastructure including pump stations, levees and stormwater drains
- updated funding mechanisms to help pay for the required works.
- What’s the relationship between Macaulay and the neighbouring Arden precinct?
Macaulay adjoins the Arden urban renewal precinct. A separate structure plan is also being developed for Arden by the Victorian Planning Authority and the City of Melbourne. Arden and Macaulay each have a distinct role and character, however the plans are being developed to be complementary and co-ordinated together.
The interface between these two areas will be resolved as part of finalising the Arden and Macaulay Structure Plans and the planning controls.
- What’s the relationship between Macaulay and other ‘urban renewal’ precincts across Melbourne?
Macaulay is one of many urban renewal areas at various stages of planning, development or completion within inner metropolitan Melbourne. These include Docklands and Southbank, priority precincts such as Arden and Fishermans Bend and other areas of change including West Melbourne and the City North area. In the future, planning will also occur for E-Gate and Dynon in the west. Together these areas will help to provide the homes, jobs, infrastructure and spaces needed to support the growing city.
- What are the challenges of planning for this site?
Planning for the precinct has taken into consideration open space, flooding, diverse land ownership, heritage assets and contamination. Although these may be challenges for planning, these constraints also provide great opportunity to reflect the precinct’s identity in the future precinct.
Funding the renewal of Macaulay
- How will the renewal of Macaulay be funded?
A range of funding and delivery mechanisms will be required to enable the delivery of the infrastructure required to support the renewal of Macaulay. Some of the options might include:
- works funded and delivered by Victorian Government departments and agencies
- capital works projects delivered by or on behalf of the City of Melbourne
- utility service provider requirements (for example, Melbourne Water’s Drainage Services Scheme)
- development contributions
- open space contributions
- developer works – infrastructure and works which have a direct nexus to development and required to be fully funded by the developer as part of development of the land.
In addition to investment by the Victorian Government and the City of Melbourne, developers
will be required to make contributions. These may be in the form of direct delivery for works directly supporting their site, or cash or works-in-kind for infrastructure identified under a contributions scheme.
To support the funding and delivery of key infrastructure items, a development contributions plan will be prepared. The development contributions plan will ensure that the cost of providing new infrastructure to meet the demands of the new population, is shared equitably between developers, the adjoining Arden Urban Renewal Precinct and the wider community. In the interim, Development Contributions will be secured via agreement in accordance with the DCPO2.
- Will the delivery of infrastructure be prioritised to support the new community?
The timely delivery of key enabling infrastructure, utilities and community services will be critical to supporting the intensification of Macaulay.
Delivery projects will be identified for transport, integrated water management, community infrastructure, open space and public realm projects. Effective staging and coordination across infrastructure types will be required to enable efficient delivery.
A precinct infrastructure plan will be included in the Macaulay Structure Plan amendment package, providing a complete list of infrastructure items, including:
- new streets
- public realm upgrades to streets for cycling, public transport, pedestrian crossings
- open space comprising a mix of green links, small local spaces, local parks and the Moonee Ponds Creek
- drainage and integrated water management comprising a mix of levees, pipes, pumps, public realm water sensitive urban design features and flood storage measures
- community, recreation and education facilities.
Community involvement & next steps
- What community engagement has already occurred?
The City of Melbourne has consulted with a wide range of stakeholders in the preparation of this draft Plan. Government agencies and technical experts have been involved throughout the entire process to ensure that the draft Plan adequately addresses the complexities of the site, as well as allowing for best practice planning outcomes to be delivered. We also sought community and stakeholder input into the Macaulay Discussion Paper in November 2019 which has informed the draft Plan.
- How will I be affected?
Depending on your relationship to the precinct, you will be affected in different ways. If you are a resident, worker or visitor within the Macaulay area or in neighbouring suburbs, this planning will gradually change the area over a long period of time. You will notice changes as the plan is realised through future development.
- How can I have my say?
The City of Melbourne wants to hear your views on the draft Plan. You can have your say on the draft Plan by Tuesday 15 September 2020. All events are advertised on the project webpage. Visit participate.melbourne.vic.gov.au/macaulay-refresh to learn more.
To be kept up to date on the project, please click on the ‘follow’ button on the project webpage to sign up.
- What about social distancing restrictions?
Despite the challenges we all face as we manage the coronavirus (COVID-19) crisis, the City of Melbourne is committed to planning great places like Macaulay.
We have ensured this consultation process is safe and accessible to all community members. Please contact us if you wish to discuss opportunities to safely engage further.
- What are the next steps?
Following the conclusion of the consultation period, a summary of feedback and analysis of the data collected will be made publicly available on our website.
The results will be used to inform the next phases of planning for Macaulay and further input from the community and stakeholders will be sought before being provided to the Minister for Planning for consideration.